Lönnrot, Elias

(1802-1884)
   A Finnish folklore collector and philologist, Lönnrot created the Kalevala, a history of the ancient Finns based on epic poems of Finnish folklore.Lonnrot's work may be understood both as an outgrowth of the nation-building movement in 19th-century Finland and as a manifestation of national romanticism.Lonnrot's family made many sacrifices to allow him to get an education, and he eventually received a medical degree; his thesis was written about Finnish folk medicine. While serving as a medical officer in Karelia, Lonnrot made a number of trips in order to collect the traditional songs of people there as well as in neighboring areas. He also studied the relationships between various Finnic languages, including Finnish, Ingrian, Karelian, and Estonian.
   Lonnrot did not discover the existence of Finnish oral folk poetry, but he studied materials that had already been collected and collected additional songs himself. Of the main divisions of such poetry—the lyric, magic, and epic songs—he focused on the epic poems as he set out to create a coherent poetic history of the ancient Finns. His purpose was to prove that the Finns had a national poetic heritage every bit as good as that of their neighbors, and even one that in beauty and heroism could rival that of the ancient Greeks.
   The Kalevala was published in two versions, the old Kalevala (1835) and the new Kalevala (1849), which is almost twice as long as the first version. Lonnrot used mostly traditional songs, but he arranged them in a sequence of his own making and occasionally composed segments himself. The epic begins with the creation of the world and the peopling of the land of Kaleva and then tells about the exploits of such heroes as Vainamoinen, Ilmarinen, and Lemminkainen, as well as the tragic figures Kullervo and Aino. The story is organized in quests of various kinds, but particularly for brides, and features such magical objects as the sampo, made by the people of the land of Kaleva as a bride prize. The story ends with the departure of the ancient heroes and the coming of Christianity. Lonnrot also published a companion compilation of lyric poetry, the Kanteletar (1840-1841).

Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. . 2006.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lönnrot, Elias — born April 9, 1802, Sammatti, Swedish Finland died March 19, 1884, Sammatti, Russian Finland Finnish folklorist and philologist. While serving as a medical officer for 20 years in a remote part of eastern Finland, Lönnrot collected linguistic… …   Universalium

  • Lönnrot, Elias — (9 abr. 1802, Sammatti, Finlandia sueca–19 mar. 1884, Sammatti, Finlandia rusa). Folclorista y filólogo finlandés. Aprovechó los 20 años que sirvió de médico destinado a una remota región de Finlandia oriental, para recopilar información… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • LÖNNROT, ELIAS —    a great Finnish scholar, born in Nyland; was professor at Helsingfors; was editor of ancient Finnish compositions, and author of a Finnish Swedish Dictionary (1802 1884) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Lönnrot — Elias Lönnrot Elias Lönnrot [ˈɛlias ˈlœnruːt] ?/Info/IPA (* 9. April 1802 in Sammatti; † 19. März 1884 ebenda) war ein finnischer Schriftsteller, Philologe und Arzt. Auf seinen Reisen in Finnland und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elias Lönnrot —  [ˈɛlias ˈlœnruːt] (* 9. April 1802 in Sammatti; † 19. März 1884 ebenda) war ein finnischer Schriftsteller, Philologe und Arzt. Auf seinen Reisen in Finnland un …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elias Lönnrot — Nacimiento 1802 Sammatti Fallecimiento 1884 Residencia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Elias Lonnrot — Elias Lönnrot Elias Lönnrot Elias Lönnrot, né le 9 avril 1802 à Sammatti le 19 mars 1884, est un médecin et écrivain finlandais. Auteur, entre autres, du Kalevala et de la Kanteletar, recueils des anciens chants et épopées du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Elías — Elias (Latinisierung von Ηλιας) ist als männlicher Vorname und, davon abgeleitet, als Familienname gebräuchlich. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Varianten 3 Namenstag 4 Bekannte Namensträger 4.1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elias Lönnrot — Elias Lönnrot, né le 9 avril 1802 à Sammatti et mort le 19 mars 1884, est un médecin et écrivain finlandais. Auteur, entre autres, du Kalevala et de la Kanteletar, recueils des anciens chants et épopées du peuple finnois …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lönnrot — Lönnrot, Elias, finn. Sprachforscher und Sammler von Volksgesängen, geb. 9. April 1802 zu Sammatti in Nyland, gest. daselbst 19. März 1884, war zuerst Arzt; nach dem Tode Castréns wurde er 1853 als Professor der finnischen Sprache an die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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